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美知名学术出版机构撤销41篇中国医界学术论文

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月21日 02:06:27
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龙虎和怎么开代理平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ/微信【421618535】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。美知名学术出版机构撤销41篇中国医界学术论文

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(  南)(都)(讯)(记)(者)(刘)(素)(楠)( 近)(日)(,美)(国)(知)(名)(学)(术)(出)(版)(机)(构)(BioMedCentral(简)(称)(BMC)撤)(销)(了)(43篇)(伪)(造)(同)(行)(评)(审)(的)(学)(术)(论)(文)(,其)(中)(41篇)(出)(自)(中)(国)(作)(者)(之)(手)(,作)(者)(单)(位)(涉)(及)(38家)(国)(内)(知)(名)(医)(科)(院)(校)(及)(三)(甲)(医)(院)(。
  同)(行)(评)(审)(被)(伪)(造)(
  BMC集)(团)(是)(世)(界)(上)(最)(大)(的)(开)(放)(获)(取)(学)(术)(期)(刊)(出)(版)(机)(构)(,总)(部)(位)(于)(美)(国)(,拥)(有)(277家)(同)(行)(评)(审)(期)(刊)(。该)(出)(版)(机)(构)(采)(取)(开)(放)(获)(取)(方)(式)(,任)(何)(作)(者)(都)(可)(经)(过)(网)(站)(注)(册)(,通)(过)(在)(线)(投)(稿)(系)(统)(直)(接)(选)(择)(BMC旗)(下)(学)(术)(期)(刊)(投)(送)(学)(术)(论)(文)(。
  在)(BMC的)(众)(多)(学)(术)(期)(刊)(中)(,同)(行)(评)(审)(发)(挥)(了)(重)(要)(作)(用)(。以)(BMC旗)(下)(的)(《整)(形)(外)(科)(和)(研)(究)(》杂)(志)(为)(例)(,通)(过)(初)(步)(内)(容)(审)(核)(的)(论)(文)(将)(被)(指)(派)(给)(三)(位)(同)(行)(评)(审)(员)(。评)(审)(员)(用)(最)(多)(3周)(的)(时)(间)(对)(论)(文)(进)(行)(审)(议)(,最)(后)(,杂)(志)(主)(编)(根)(据)(评)(审)(员)(的)(意)(见)(决)(定)(是)(否)(发)(表)(。
  通)(常)(而)(言)(,论)(文)(作)(者)(和)(评)(审)(员)(应)(保)(持)(身)(份)(双)(向)(保)(密)(及)(独)(立)(,但)(BMC允)(许)(作)(者)(自)(荐)(同)(行)(评)(审)(员)(。对)(此)(,BMC学)(术)(伦)(理)(编)(辑)(部)(副)(主)(任)(JigishaPatel在)(博)(客)(上)(解)(释)(,BMC相)(信)(大)(部)(分)(作)(者)(是)(诚)(信)(之)(人)(,如)(果)(BMC忽)(略)(作)(者)(自)(荐)(的)(评)(审)(员)(,将)(延)(缓)(同)(行)(评)(审)(的)(过)(程)(;另)(一)(方)(面)(,他)(们)(认)(为)(作)(者)(比)(杂)(志)(编)(辑)(更)(清)(楚)(哪)(些)(人)(来)(做)(评)(审)(更)(合)(适)(。而)(且)(,所)(有)(的)(杂)(志)(编)(辑)(都)(面)(临)(投)(稿)(量)(大)(幅)(增)(长)(的)(局)(面)(,而)(评)(审)(员)(的)(数)(量)(并)(未)(相)(应)(增)(加)(,学)(术)(期)(刊)(的)(编)(辑)(比)(以)(往)(任)(何)(时)(候)(都)(更)(需)(要)(作)(者)(自)(荐)(评)(审)(员)(。
  然)(而)(2014年)(11月)(,BMC发)(现)(一)(部)(分)(投)(稿)(的)(学)(术)(论)(文)(疑)(似)(伪)(造)(同)(行)(评)(审)(。JigishaPatel揭)(露)(:“伪)(造)(范)(围)(从)(作)(者)(推)(荐)(朋)(友)(使)(其)(获)(得)(积)(极)(的)(同)(行)(评)(价)(,发)(展)(到)(精)(心)(打)(造)(同)(行)(评)(审)(圈)(,在)(这)(个)(圈)(子)(里)(,作)(者)(相)(互)(评)(审)(,甚)(至)(假)(冒)(其)(他)(人)(的)(名)(义)(。”
  而)(且)(伪)(造)(的)(模)(式)(如)(出)(一)(辙)(:论)(文)(作)(者)(之)(间)(并)(无)(任)(何)(明)(显)(关)(联)(,但)(他)(们)(推)(荐)(的)(评)(审)(员)(却)(是)(相)(似)(的)(。这)(意)(味)(着)(,在)(这)(种)(造)(假)(的)(背)(后)(,可)(能)(有)(一)(个)(第)(三)(方)(组)(织)(在)(进)(行)(系)(统)(性)(的)(操)(作)(。
  “这)(并)(非)(中)(国)(的)(问)(题)(”
  这)(得)(到)(BMC的)(重)(视)(,他)(们)(联)(合)(美)(国)(出)(版)(伦)(理)(委)(员)(会)(及)(其)(他)(出)(版)(机)(构)(对)(此)(进)(行)(调)(查)(。最)(初)(只)(发)(现)(了)(一)(小)(部)(分)(论)(文)(涉)(嫌)(同)(行)(评)(审)(造)(假)(,但)(经)(过)(对)(所)(有)(学)(术)(期)(刊)(进)(行)(广)(泛)(、系)(统)(的)(调)(查)(之)(后)(,今)(年)(3月)(26日)(,BMC在)(官)(网)(上)(公)(示)(了)(43篇)(因)(伪)(造)(同)(行)(评)(审)(而)(被)(撤)(回)(的)(文)(章)(。
  其)(中)(41篇)(的)(作)(者)(来)(自)(中)(国)(,作)(者)(单)(位)(涉)(及)(38家)(国)(内)(知)(名)(高)(校)(及)(三)(甲)(医)(院)(。但)(JigishaPatel在)(接)(受)(媒)(体)(采)(访)(时)(表)(示)(:“这)(并)(非)(中)(国)(的)(问)(题)(。我)(们)(收)(到)(了)(大)(量)(来)(自)(中)(国)(的)(论)(文)(。在)(我)(们)(眼)(里)(,这)(是)(一)(个)(更)(广)(泛)(的)(关)(于)(如)(何)(评)(价)(研)(究)(者)(的)(问)(题)(。”
  上)(海)(某)(高)(校)(医)(学)(院)(研)(究)(生)(告)(诉)(南)(都)(记)(者)(,目)(前)(医)(生)(升)(职)(除)(了)(对)(学)(历)(有)(要)(求)(以)(外)(,还)(规)(定)(必)(须)(在)(核)(心)(期)(刊)(上)(发)(表)(一)(定)(数)(量)(的)(学)(术)(论)(文)(。在)(他)(看)(来)(,这)(种)(“全)(民)(搞)(科)(研)(”并)(不)(合)(适)(:“很)(多)(医)(生)(没)(有)(时)(间)(去)(做)(研)(究)(,但)(目)(前)(对)(医)(生)(的)(评)(价)(体)(系)(却)(要)(求)(每)(个)(医)(生)(都)(去)(做)(科)(研)(。本)(质)(上)(,中)(国)(还)(缺)(乏)(一)(套)(评)(价)(医)(生)(的)(体)(系)(,因)(此)(只)(能)(用)(论)(文)(发)(表)(数)(量)(去)(衡)(量)(。”
  涉)(嫌)(第)(三)(方)(机)(构)(伪)(造)(
  与)(此)(同)(时)(,美)(国)(出)(版)(伦)(理)(委)(员)(会)(发)(表)(了)(一)(项)(声)(明)(,称)(调)(查)(发)(现)(,部)(分)(机)(构)(从)(事)(论)(文)(买)(卖)(服)(务)(,服)(务)(链)(从)(售)(卖)(预)(先)(写)(好)(的)(论)(文)(手)(稿)(著)(作)(权)(到)(提)(供)(伪)(造)(同)(行)(评)(审)(等)(。“有)(的)(同)(行)(评)(审)(员)(账)(号)(看)(似)(是)(真)(正)(的)(研)(究)(者)(,实)(际)(上)(呈)(现)(的)(邮)(箱)(却)(与)(其)(真)(正)(使)(用)(的)(工)(作)(邮)(箱)(并)(不)(相)(符)(,而)(有)(的)(同)(行)(评)(审)(员)(完)(全)(属)(于)(虚)(构)(。”
  也)(就)(是)(说)(,有)(一)(种)(伪)(造)(情)(况)(如)(下)(:作)(者)(提)(供)(的)(同)(行)(评)(审)(员)(确)(有)(其)(人)(,但)(相)(应)(的)(邮)(箱)(却)(是)(假)(的)(,当)(BMC将)(论)(文)(发)(往)(这)(些)(假)(冒)(的)(评)(审)(员)(邮)(箱)(时)(,得)(到)(了)(虚)(假)(的)(同)(行)(评)(审)(。
  这)(着)(实)(让)(BMC大)(为)(光)(火)(。JigishaPatel在)(调)(查)(后)(续)(中)(写)(道)(:“完)(全)(伪)(造)(同)(行)(评)(审)(较)(为)(容)(易)(被)(发)(现)(,相)(比)(之)(下)(,如)(果)(作)(者)(伪)(造)(真)(人)(的)(邮)(箱)(地)(址)(,那)(么)(验)(证)(每)(一)(个)(邮)(箱)(则)(给)(已)(负)(荷)(工)(作)(的)(杂)(志)(编)(辑)(增)(加)(相)(当)(大)(的)(负)(担)(。更)(糟)(糕)(的)(是)(,同)(行)(评)(审)(圈)(里)(作)(者)(相)(互)(评)(审)(,更)(加)(让)(单)(个)(工)(作)(的)(杂)(志)(编)(辑)(难)(以)(发)(现)(。”
  BMC不)(得)(不)(与)(“涉)(案)(”作)(者)(联)(系)(,并)(通)(知)(其)(工)(作)(单)(位)(,同)(时)(联)(系)(“被)(伪)(造)(”的)(同)(行)(评)(审)(员)(所)(在)(的)(机)(构)(。
  这)(个)(事)(件)(也)(遗)(留)(了)(一)(些)(问)(题)(:某)(些)(造)(假)(是)(由)(第)(三)(方)(机)(构)(进)(行)(的)(,波)(及)(的)(论)(文)(到)(底)(是)(第)(三)(方)(机)(构)(进)(行)(伪)(造)(还)(是)(作)(者)(自)(己)(直)(接)(伪)(造)(,BMC尚)(不)(清)(楚)(,在)(他)(们)(看)(来)(有)(必)(要)(对)(诚)(信)(和)(无)(良)(的)(第)(三)(方)(机)(构)(加)(以)(区)(分)(。
  “我)(们)(知)(道)(,很)(多)(研)(究)(员)(都)(将)(他)(们)(的)(手)(稿)(委)(托)(给)(有)(信)(誉)(的)(第)(三)(方)(机)(构)(来)(进)(行)(语)(言)(润)(色)(或)(协)(助)(提)(交)(。一)(些)(研)(究)(者)(有)(可)(能)(是)(在)(不)(良)(服)(务)(商)(操)(纵)(同)(行)(评)(审)(时)(被)(无)(辜)(牵)(连)(的)(。”BMC学)(术)(诚)(信)(资)(深)(编)(辑)(ElizabethMoylan在)(博)(客)(中)(写)(道)(。
  名)(词)(解)(释)(
  同)(行)(评)(审)((PeerReview)是)(一)(种)(学)(术)(成)(果)(审)(查)(程)(序)(,即)(一)(位)(作)(者)(的)(学)(术)(著)(作)(或)(计)(划)(被)(同)(一)(领)(域)(的)(其)(他)(专)(家)(学)(者)(评)(审)(。一)(般)(学)(术)(出)(版)(单)(位)(主)(要)(以)(同)(行)(评)(审)(的)(方)(法)(来)(选)(择)(与)(筛)(选)(所)(投)(送)(的)(稿)(件)(录)(取)(与)(否)(,而)(学)(术)(研)(究)(资)(金)(提)(供)(机)(构)(,也)(广)(泛)(以)(同)(行)(评)(审)(的)(方)(式)(来)(决)(定)(研)(究)(是)(否)(授)(予)(资)(金)(、奖)(金)(等)(。
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